Archived from the original on 7 August Retrieved 1 April Finland has successfully fought against government corruption, which was more common in the s and 80s. Iskelmä coined directly from the German word Schlager , meaning hit is a traditional Finnish word for a light popular song.
Milestones included the publication of what would become Finland's national epic — the Kalevala — in , and the Finnish language's achieving equal legal status with Swedish in Finland portal Arctic portal European Union portal. Former presidents were K. Retrieved 28 July Other regional councils are elected by municipal councils, each municipality sending representatives in proportion to its population.
The army defends the national territory and its military strategy employs the use of the heavily forested terrain and numerous lakes to wear down an aggressor, instead of attempting to hold the attacking army on the frontier. Retrieved 17 August Retrieved 4 September There are 20 universities and 30 polytechnics in the country. List of Finnish municipalities , List of Finnish municipalities by population , List of Finnish municipalities by area , and Former municipalities of Finland. Finland has significant timber, mineral iron , chromium , copper , nickel , and gold , and freshwater resources.
Archived from the original PDF on 25 September Retrieved on 18 May If they are born in Finland and cannot get citizenship of any other country, they become citizens. List of Finnish municipalities , List of Finnish municipalities by population , List of Finnish municipalities by area , and Former municipalities of Finland. Finland is the top world consumer of coffee per capita. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 4 April
Finland is a Nordic country and, together with Scandinavia , is situated in the geographical region of Fennoscandia. A universal male conscription is in place, under which all male Finnish nationals above 18 years of age serve for 6 to 12 months of armed service or 12 months of civilian non-armed service. It was detached from the state as a separate judicial entity when the new church law came to force in
Retrieved 17 February To the south is the Gulf of Finland with Estonia on the opposite side. Modern Finnish popular music includes a number of prominent rock bands, jazz musicians, hip hop performers, dance music acts, etc.
Retrieved 26 April Despite this, production for export is still more prominent than in Western Europe, thus making Finland more vulnerable to global economic trends. Retrieved 11 December The current president was elected from the ranks of the National Coalition Party for the first time since Primary production represents 2. From the late 13th century, Finland gradually became an integral part of Sweden through the crusades and the Swedish part-colonisation of coastal Finland, a legacy reflected in the prevalence of the Swedish language and its official status.
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There are two sign languages: According to some social historians, the basis of this belief was a relatively benign history that had allowed the gradual emergence of a free and independent peasantry in the Nordic countries and had curtailed the dominance of the nobility and the subsequent formation of a powerful right wing. The change caused deep rooted discussions among the academic circles. Retrieved 26 August Architecture of Finland and Art in Finland. World War II prompted a return to more national interests in comparison to a more international line of thought, characterized by Väinö Linna.
Finland is also one of the most successful nations in bandy , being the only nation beside Russia and Sweden to win a Bandy World Championship. Population according to language —. Retrieved 5 January The so-called first crusade to Finland , possibly in , is most likely an unreal event. Approximately women choose voluntary military service every year.
- Main exports from Finland were furs, slaves, Castoreum , and falcons to European courts. Retrieved 3 December As of [update] , Finland has roughly the lowest industrial electricity prices in the EU equal to France. The Whites , who were supported by Imperial Germany , prevailed over the Reds. In , Finland became the first European state to grant all adult citizens the right to vote, and the first in the world to give all adult citizens the right to run for public office.
- Faroe Islands 1 autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark. According to the Finnish Constitution, the president has no possibility to rule the government without the ministerial approval, and does not have the power to dissolve the parliament under his or her own desire. During the Protestant Reformation , the Finns gradually converted to Lutheranism. Retrieved 30 January
The Whites , who were supported by Imperial Germany , prevailed over the Reds. The branches of the military are the army , the navy , and the air force. The retreating glaciers have left the land with morainic deposits in formations of eskers. The dialects from which the modern day Finnish language was developed came into existence during the Iron Age. In addition to the close relatives of Finnish the Finnic languages , this name is also used in the Baltic languages Latvian and Lithuanian.
The devastation of Finland during the Great Northern War — and during the Russo-Swedish War —43 caused Sweden to begin carrying out major efforts to defend its eastern half from Russia. The parliament is elected for a term of four years using the proportional D'Hondt method within a number of multi-seat constituencies through open list multi-member districts. The branches of the military are the army , the navy , and the air force.
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This is the third-lowest population density of any European country, behind those of Norway and Iceland , and the lowest population density in the EU. As a result of the crusades and the colonisation of some Finnish coastal areas with Christian Swedish population during the Middle Ages  Finland gradually became part of the kingdom of Sweden and the sphere of influence of the Catholic Church. Some state enterprises have been privatized and there have been some modest tax cuts. The region of Eastern Uusimaa was consolidated with Uusimaa on 1 January Suomen tasavallan presidentti ; in Swedish: List of political parties in Finland and Human rights in Finland.