Major art exhibitions and festivals in Germany are the documenta , the Berlin Biennale , transmediale and Art Cologne. In census, as people with immigrant background Personen mit Migrationshintergrund were counted all immigrants, including ethnic Germans that came to the federal republic or had at least one parent settling here after Retrieved 4 October
Retrieved 28 March Retrieved 4 October Archived PDF from the original on 30 April Svalbard unincorporated area subject to the Svalbard Treaty.
In the 21st century, Germany is a great power with a strong economy ; it has the world's 4th largest economy by nominal GDP , and the 5th largest by PPP. Most German vocabulary is derived from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. The Great Famine — and the Black Death — Compendium of Symbolic and Ritual Plants in Europe: Archived from the original on 20 January
International varieties such as pizza , sushi , Chinese food , Greek food , Indian cuisine and doner kebab are also popular and available, thanks to diverse ethnic communities. The End; Germany — Archived from the original on 31 January The Savage Wars of Peace: A German Dream for Crisis Refugees.
Retrieved 30 October Research and development efforts form an integral part of the economy. This article is about the country. Archived from the original on 29 March Archived from the original on 25 May Views Read View source View history.
Germans produce their ubiquitous sausages in almost 1, varieties, including Bratwursts , Weisswursts , and Currywursts. However, the annexed territories though incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia and the Habsburg Realm, were not legally considered as a part of the Holy Roman Empire. The British repelled German air attacks in the Battle of Britain in the same year. Around , the Germanic peoples broke into Roman-controlled lands. The development policy of Germany is an independent area of foreign policy. Fashion Stars — One Germany in Europe.
Bread is a significant part of German cuisine and German bakeries produce about main types of bread and 1, different types of pastries and rolls Brötchen. In total, over 10 million civilians were systematically murdered, including 6 million Jews , between , and 1,, Romani , , persons with disabilities , thousands of Jehovah's Witnesses , thousands of homosexuals , and hundreds of thousands of members of the political and religious opposition from Germany, and occupied countries Nacht und Nebel. German reunification and History of Germany since Federal legislative power is vested in the parliament consisting of the Bundestag Federal Diet and Bundesrat Federal Council , which together form the legislative body. Archived from the original on 12 August
September bis Zippelius, Reinhold . Along with Max Planck , he was instrumental in the introduction of quantum mechanics , in which Werner Heisenberg and Max Born later made major contributions. Archived from the original on 7 October
Wirtschaft in beiden deutschen Staaten [Economy in both German states]. Regarding the immigrant background, Archived from the original on 27 April Duden, Aussprachewörterbuch in German 6th ed. In the contemporary era Germany has developed eleven Universities of Excellence:
- He is elected by the Bundesversammlung federal convention , an institution consisting of the members of the Bundestag and an equal number of state delegates. Retrieved 7 May Historically, Germany has been called Das Land der Dichter und Denker the land of poets and thinkers ,  because of the major role its writers and philosophers have played in the development of Western thought. Archived from the original PDF on 30 April Geographically, Protestantism is concentrated in the northern, central and eastern parts of the country. Military personnel of the Bundeswehr] in German.
- Das Leben der Anderen. Gottfried Leibniz 's contributions to rationalism ; the enlightenment philosophy by Immanuel Kant ; the establishment of classical German idealism by Johann Gottlieb Fichte , Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling ; Arthur Schopenhauer 's composition of metaphysical pessimism; the formulation of communist theory by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels ; Friedrich Nietzsche 's development of perspectivism ; Gottlob Frege 's contributions to the dawn of analytic philosophy ; Martin Heidegger 's works on Being; Oswald Spengler 's historical philosophy; the development of the Frankfurt School by Max Horkheimer , Theodor Adorno , Herbert Marcuse and Jürgen Habermas have been particularly influential. Germans are typically multilingual: Archived from the original on 23 March
The New Penguin History of the World. Archived from the original PDF on 26 April Constructors like BMW and Mercedes are prominent manufacturers in motor sport. The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust. History of Germany — The overall life expectancy in Germany at birth is
Archived from the original PDF on 3 December Archived from the original on 10 October Germans produce their ubiquitous sausages in almost 1, varieties, including Bratwursts , Weisswursts , and Currywursts. Outline Index Book Category Portal. Expressionist architecture developed in the s in Germany and influenced Art Deco and other modern styles, with e. Neuschwanstein Castle in Bavaria.
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After , many of the films of the immediate post-war period can be characterised as Trümmerfilm rubble film. Retrieved 14 May Informationen zur Politischen Bildung. When industrialisation spread across Europe, Classicism and a distinctive style of historism developed in Germany, sometimes referred to as Gründerzeit style , due to the economical boom years at the end of the 19th century.